Hillsborough Recorder (NC)
May 15, 1861
believe the Rail-Splitter, in the brief space of two months, has trampled under
foot every important provision of the Constitution. A brief summary will put the reader in possession
of the facts.
power to declare war is by Constitution expressly confined to Congress; and it
must be war against a foreign nation—not one of the States of the
Confederacy. The right to make war on a
State was emphatically refused to Congress by the Convention which framed the
has usurped this dictatorial war power, and is now waging war against eight of
the sovereign States by his own authority.
raise and support armies is the special prerogative of Congress. Lincoln is assembling an army of 75,000 men,
not only without the authority of Congress, but after Congress had deliberately
refused to give him such authority.
has the power to call forth the militia to suppress insurrection and repel
invasions. Lincoln has usurped this
power in his own hands.
preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports
of one State over those of another,” says the Constitution. Lincoln abrogates this provision and declares
the ports of nine States to be blocked.
alone can suspend the writ of habeas
corpus; martial law reigns in the Capital of the Republic.
soldiers shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent
of the owner; nor in the time of war, but
in a manner to be prescribed by law,” is the clause in the
constitution. By what law has Lincoln
taken military possession of Washington?
right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects
against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violaten,”
are the words of the constitution. The
military despotism at Washington is the practical commentary on this provision.
President is charged with the protection and preservation of the public
property. Lincoln has fulfilled this
obligation by destroying and burning the public property at Harper’s Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.
affects to regard acts of Secession by any of the States as null and void. He nevertheless treats the seceded States as
foreign powers, by subjecting them to blockade, according to the law of
Carolina, which has not yet formally resumed its delegated powers, is also put
under the ban and declared in a state of blockade.
President is required to conform his action to treaties—now, by treaties with
England, France and other nations, these Powers have the right of entry to all
our ports. Lincoln repudiates these
treaties, and denies the exercise of the rights stipulated under them. This is to provoke war, a power resting
exclusively with Congress.
humbly conceive that the assumption and exercise of these vast powers by one
man, annihilate the Constitution, prostrate the public liberties, and establish
an odious despotism.
[Transcribed by Sharon Strout]